Length: 12-15 Weight: 0.5-1.5 lbs
Male is white below with a black back. Head is large, mostly iridescent black with a large white patch on the back of the head. Female is dark brown above, light brown below, with a white spot on the cheek.
Breed in Alaska and Canada. Winter across the continental US and Mexico.
Buffleheads are cavity nesters. They primarily use holes excavated by Northern Flickers.
Bufflehead fossils have been found that date back 500,000 years; another fossil resembling a Bufflehead dates back two million years.
Bufflehead is a combination of “buffalo” and “head,” referring to the large head on these ducks, especially when males puff out their feathers.
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